Pathology becomes more important when understanding of physics, radiobiology and anatomy are complete. In the early stages of training, I focussed on the most common tumours treated with radiotherapy - breast cancer, prostate cancer, lung cancer, head and neck cancer, and skin cancers. However, in later parts of training an understanding of the pathology of most human malignancies is required.

Initial Pathology

When you are still trying to understand how radiation actually works, pathology is slightly less important. Still, it helps to have an understanding of what the basics are so you can comprehend what all the talk in the MDT meetings is about!

Advanced Pathology

Pathology of the remaining malignancies is also required; these be covered according to their site of origin.

A: Breast Malignancy

B: Thoracic Tumours

C: Head and Neck Malignancy

D: Skin Malignancy

E: Male Reproductive System

F: Female Reproductive System

G: Urinary Tract

H: Gastrointestinal Malignancy

I: Central Nervous System

J: Haematological Malignancies

K: Sarcoma

L: Paediatrics

M: Endocrine Malignancy

N: Non Malignant Disease


O: Hereditary Syndromes

P: Histopathology of Radiation Damage

Q: Diagnostic Dilemmas


Gallbladder disease